Phanishwar Nath Renu Indian Writers that I like
Phanishwar Nath Renu or Renu ji, is counted among the foremost writers of Hindi literature. Born in a small village (Aurahi Hingna village) in Purnia district of Bihar on 4 March 1921, he became famous for his active participation in civil and human rights movement, raising his voice against injustice including the struggle for Indian independence in 1942.
In 1950, he joined Nepalese struggle against the dominance of Rana kings and was jailed. During 1952-53 he became very sick, was diagnosed with tuberculosis. This was the time that he came to know Ms. Latika, a nurse in the hospital where he was admitted, and later married. Only afterwards did Latika discover that he already had a wife and family in Aurahi Hingna village.
After his sickness, he became much more active in literature and his first novel Maila Anchal (Dirty sari) was published that established his reputation as a serious writer. Apart from fiction, he was equally active in writing about persons, reports and events. During later part of seventies, he joined the Samporn Kranti (Total revolution) movement led by Jayaprakash Narayan and was jailed and tortured by the police. These were the years that he came in contact with my father. My father died in 1975 and I have a letter of Renu talking about my father. He himself died two years later, on 11 April 1977.
His most well known books include the following -
Novels: Maila Anchal, Parti Parikatha, Dirghatapa, Kalank Mukti, Paltu Babu Road
Story collections: Thumri, Agnikhor, Aadim patri ki mahak, Ek shravani dopehri ki dhoop, Acche aadmi
Memoirs: Rindjal Dhanjal, Van Talsi ki gandh, Shrut Ashrut Purva
Reports: Pahli kranti katha
One of his short stories, Mare Gaye Gulfaam (the title can be roughly translated into "death of a loverboy") was made into a film, Teesri Kasam (Third oath), that is considered as a classic. It is the story of a bullock cart driver, Heeraman and his encounter with a singer from Nautanki (Indian rural musical traditional theatre) and his final disillusion with the fickleness of love.
His writing represents the lives of simple persons from rural districts of Bihar, mostly forgotten in Indian literature, and has authenticity of their local dialects.